Archive for the ‘environment’ Tag
I rarely gush over legislators, but this exemplifies what I want in one:
“In fact, Kerry was in Germany’s Black Forest, painstakingly inspecting yellowed tree boughs and browning pine needles caused by acid rain, when he learned that former US senator Paul Tsongas was about to announce his retirement because of cancer, clearing the way for Kerry to run.”
How many legislators care that deeply and do that much hands-on work even on their issues of choice? Hopefully, more than I think.
Hat tip to http://www.boston.com and Beth Daley at the Boston Globe.
No, it’s not how we dispose of the waste (though that’s obviously a problem). I’m talking about the problem people almost never talk about: water.
Everyone says water will be the next oil—the next valuable resource that becomes scarce and the subject of endless political machinations, including wars (with the difference being, of course, that a human civilization can survive without oil). And yet we rarely discuss what I see as the most serious and possibly intractable problem with nuclear power: it requires a lot of water. Publically available government and scientific documents show this lack of long-term discussion; a July 2009 paper by scholars at Virginia Tech states: “The water use processes for energy production and power generation technologies are not well documented in the literature.”
Given an expanding human population, and increasing pollution, any human activity that requires a great deal of water will present problems in the future. However, there is evidence that climate change will exacerbate this problem. Most scientists expect droughts of increasing severity and frequency, as well as greater extremes of temperature which, of course, will include heat waves. The same paper, “Water Dependency of Energy Production and Power Generation Systems,” (Younos, Hill, and Poole 2009), states that “If current trends hold, it is projected that in the next twenty five years the U.S. electricity demand will jump by approximately fifty percent (EIA 2006; USDOE 2006). http://www.vwrrc.vt.edu/pdfs/specialreports/sr-46_water_dependency_of_energy.pdf This trend will exert additional pressure on water demand to meet increased electricity demand. Unfortunately, it is also projected that in the next ten years, at least 36 states will face water shortages (GAO 2003; USDOE 2006).”
We have already seen what the effects of increased heat and dryness can do to a nuclear-powered country. In 2003, the massive heat wave that swept across Europe lowered (and warmed) France’s water resources to the point that “the equivalent of four plants were shut down” when the temperatures in rivers reached record highs (http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/aug/12/france.nuclear). Unnervingly, during the 2003 crisis, France’s oldest nuclear power plant reached temperatures of 50 degrees Celsius inside, and was ordered by the authorities to be hosed down from the outside. (http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=29441)
And, unfortunately, nuclear power appears to be the most intensive in water use of all our current forms of energy generation and production. The second most water intensive? Fossil fuel thermoelectric plants, including, notably, coal plants. Therefore, both nuclear power and advanced coal technology (known to marketers as “clean coal”) present a serious problem as providers of baseload electrical energy. Because, when it comes down to it, in a water-poor world, we will have more pressing uses for water than cooling a nuclear power plant.